Amount (in 100 g Bael)
8 to 60 mg
-Fruit (Dry Pulp)- mucilagepection like substance.
-Roots and Stem- Tannins, Alkaloids, sterols, coumarin, Aegelin, marmelosine, marmelin, o-methyl hayordinol, alloimperatorin methyl ester, o-isopentanyl hayordinol and linoleic acid.
-Leaves- Rutacine, y-sitosterol, aegelemine and aegeline and tannins,Skimmianine, Lupeol, Cineol, Citral, Citronella, Cuminaldehyde, Eugenol, Marmesinine
-Roots- Marmin, marmesin, umbelliferine, skimmianine
-Fruit (Ripe)- Mucilage, marmelosin (0.5%), coumarin, reducing sugar essential oils, ascorbic acid, minerals and a bitter, light-yellow oil (which contains 15.6% palmitic acid, 8.3% stearic acid, 28.7% linoleic and 7.6% linolenic acid)
-Seed- 70% protein.
-Bark- Skimmianine, Fagarine , Marmin, Tannins
SIDE EFFECTS AND CONTRAINDICTIONS:
-The leaves are said to cause abortion and sterility in women. It should not be consumed (without a doctor’s consultation) during pregnancy and whilst breast-feeding.
-The bark of the plant is used as a fish poison.
-Tannins when consumed excessively, over a prolonged period of time, have an anti nutrient effect and are believed to be carcinogenic.
-Excessive bael consumption can lead to upset stomach and constipation.
-Marmelosin in large doses causes sleepiness and lowering of respiratory rate