Even as extension of Dwapara Yuga there had been threats to Arsha Samkstiri / Hindu Culture, vide Shi Krishna’s efforts to decimate the Yavana King who joined hands with Jarasandha of ‘Maha Bhagavata’. The strength and glory of the eras of Panadava clan declined after Parikshit, Janamejaya and Shataanika. In the weak lineage of the Kings, the King Pradyot performed Mleccha Yagna and Kali along with his wife was stated to have made an appeal to Bhagavan Narayana not to create hurdles in the spread and might of Kali Yuga and Narayana assured Kali that soon a man named ‘Aadam’ and woman named ‘Havyavati’ would promote the cause of Mlecchas and speed up the spread of Kali Yuga. Vishnu himself appeared to have advised a Mleccha King named ‘Nyuh’to build and launch a huge Ship (Novah’s Ark?) to save Believers of God. There was continuous storm for forty days and Oceans overflowed and submerged Earth.
In the initial period of Kaliyuga, Bharata Varsha gradually adopted Videsha Samskrti; new culture, life-style and even language. For instance, earlier languages got corrupted and new expressions emerged: Vraja Bhasha, Praakruti, Sanskrit or Sanskrit based Prantiya Bhashaas and various Dravidian languages got adapted to ‘Gurundika’ (English) and other Mleccha (Alien) Bhashas. In the process, the Vedic Dharma witnessed change and evolution. As the Rulers changed, so did the cultures but the core remained intact. Buddha/ Ashoka created a new verion of Hinduism; Vikramaditya resisted the onslaught of Barbarians like Shakas, Mlecchhas, Yavanas, Tursharas, Parasikas (Persians), and Hunas.Shatavahanas controlled Shakas, Chinese, Bahmikas, Kamarupas, Rome and Ishaamashih (Jesus Christ). King Bhoja resisted the cult of Prophet Mahammad.But Pathans overpowered Prithviraja and thus the Bharata Varsha witnessed dissipation of Hindu Dharma, Varnashrama became a virtual non-entity excepting in very feeble form. It was in such extreme situation, the glorious contribution made by renowned ‘Acharyas’ to revive and sustain Hindu Dharma; the illustrious such Acharyas included Ramananda, Nimbaditya, Madhavachray, Jayadeva, Shankaracharya and his great followers like Giri Sharma, Vana Sharma, Purib Sharma, Dundi Raja and so on; Ramanujacharya, Chaitanya Maha Prabhu, and so on. The role of Regional Kings like Shivaji and even Kings of alien Dharmas like Akbar-as Hindu influence in reverse-was evident on the large canvas of Hinduism. Thus like the ‘Jeeva Nadis’ (ever flowing Rivers of Bharata Varsha) as Ganges, Vedic Culture will indeed survive, albeit incorporating and absorbing external and internal influences in the process of evolution, and continue in its Core Form for ever till the existence of humanity!
Na mantram no yantram tadaapi cha na jaaey stutimaho/ Na cha-aahvaanam dhyaanam tadaapi cha na jaaney stutikathaa/ Na jaaney Mudsraasthe tadaapi cha na jaaney vilaapanam/ Param jaaney Mathaathwaadanusharanam klesha haranam/ (I am not conversant with Mantras, Yantras, Hymns of Praise, Invocations, Meditation, Sroties of Your Glories, ‘Mudraas’ (Signs) and Implorations; Yet, I know that if I follow you, I will most certainly overcome my tribulations!) [From Kshamaapana Stotram by Shri Adi Shankaracharya]