It is said that the celestial wedding of Lord Murugan and Devayani, the daughter of Indra, took place here.
Murugan represents Gnana Shakthi or Power of Knowledge. He is also known as Subramanya, Karthikeya, Skanda Kumara, Saravana, Senthil, Shanmugha, Guha, Velan, and Swaminatha. Murugan is the Tamil god of war, and patron of Tamil Nadu.
The cave temple dedicated to the element of earth and mentioned in various classical Tamil texts as the ‘Southern Himalaya’ where the gods assemble, Tirupparankunram is also mentioned in legend as ‘the place where the sun and moon abide’.
Tiruppamkunram features rock cut shrines as well as mandapams lined with elaborately carved pillars. It is a Tevara Paadal Petra Stalam.
Thirupparankundram Murugan Kovil, is located in Thirupparankundram, 8 km south west of the Madurai Railway Station.